Interpretable Multimodality Embedding of Cerebral Cortex Using Attention Graph Network for Identifying Bipolar Disorder

Abstract. Bipolar Disorder (BP) is a mental disorder that affects 1–2% of the population. Early diagnosis and targeted treatment can benefit from associated biological markers (biomarkers). The existing methods typically utilize biomarkers from anatomical MRI or functional BOLD imaging but lack the ability of revealing the relationship between integrated modalities and disease. In this paper, we developed an Edge-weighted Graph Attention Network (EGAT) with Dense Hierarchical Pooling (DHP), to better understand the underlying roots of the disorder from the view of structure-function integration. EGAT is an interpretable framework for integrating multi-modality features without loss of prediction accuracy. For the input, the underlying graph is constructed from functional connectivity matrices and the nodal features consist of both the anatomical features and the statistics of the connectivity. We investigated the potential benefits of using EGAT to classify BP vs. Healthy Control (HC), by examining the attention map and gradient sensitivity of nodal features. We indicated that associated with the abnormality of anatomical geometric properties, multiple interactive patterns among Default Mode, Fronto-parietal and Cingulo-opercular networks contribute to identifying BP.

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